10 Types of Social Work Jobs and Salaries

Social work is a diverse and important profession dedicated to improving the lives and well-being of people, especially those in vulnerable positions. In a variety of settings, from schools and hospitals to private practice and public agencies, social workers play a vital role in helping individuals, families and communities cope with life’s challenges The social work sector costs of a wide range of specialties, each with its own unique focus, clientele and challenges.


This guide provides an overview of 10 different social work jobs, highlighting the specific responsibilities, positions and potential salary levels associated with each By exploring these roles, aspiring social workers can gain insight into the opportunities in this rewarding field. Helping them make choices whether they are dealing with mental health issues, advocating for systemic change, or supporting older people, social workers are essential to achieving quality of life and personal well-being.

1. Child and family social worker

Average salary: $49,100 Per month

Child and family social workers focus on helping children and their families improve their relationships, social functioning, and overall wellbeing. They work in various settings, including schools, child welfare agencies, and private practices. These social workers assess family situations and needs, providing counseling, intervention, and access to community resources. They also play a critical role in cases involving child abuse or neglect, working with legal entities to ensure the child’s safety. Salaries in this sector tend to be lower compared to more specialized medical or clinical social work positions, largely due to the funding constraints within public service sectors.

2. School Social Worker

Average salary: $56,290 Per month

School social workers play an important role in the educational environment, where they support the academic, social and emotional development of students. They work in partnership with teachers, parents and school administrators to create a safe and rewarding learning environment. Responsibilities include addressing issues such as bullying, learning disabilities, and family problems that may affect student performance in school. School social workers also develop and implement programs that promote positive behavior and mental health. Compensation for this role varies depending on the school district, region, and education of the social worker.

3. Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Worker

Average salary: $51,130 Per month

Mental health and substance abuse social workers are experts in dealing with clients experiencing mental illness, substance abuse, or both. This dual-focus service seeks to understand the psychological states and complexities of addiction, providing appropriate resources that address both sets of needs Works in mental health clinics, settings substance abuse treatment, hospitals, and community health agencies. Their responsibilities include counseling, supervision of treatment programs, group therapy sessions, and crisis intervention. The multiplicity of situations and the complexity of cases handled can result in multiple payoffs, reflecting the diversity of knowledge and contexts in which these social workers engage.

4. Geriatric Social Worker

Average salary: $53,760 Per month

Geriatric social workers specialize in assisting the elderly, focusing on optimizing their quality of life and helping them maintain as much independence as possible. They address a broad spectrum of needs, including healthcare management, long-term care planning, and social engagement, often coordinating with a variety of healthcare and social service professionals. These social workers are typically employed in settings such as senior centers, nursing homes, and private counseling centers. Their work also involves supporting families of elderly individuals in understanding and managing the challenges of aging. The salary for geriatric social workers reflects the specialized knowledge required to effectively support this population.

5. Military and Veterans Social Worker

Average salary: $53,710 Per month

Military and veterans social workers specialize in supporting current military personnel, veterans, and their families as they cope with the challenges associated with military life and the transition back to civilian life. This includes addressing issues like PTSD, reintegration, family stresses, and physical injuries. They work in settings such as Veterans Affairs hospitals, military bases, and community service offices specifically designed for veterans. These social workers provide counseling, crisis intervention, and advocacy services, helping to navigate the complexities of military benefits and healthcare. The specialized nature of this field often results in competitive salaries that reflect the critical support these professionals provide.

6. Community Organization Social Worker

Average salary: $48,570 Per month

Community organization social workers focus on the larger social work, including policy and programming to improve the well-being of communities. Their work includes identifying social problems, organizing community resources, and advocating for social change through policy change. These social workers are generally employed by non-profit organizations, government agencies, and private organizations. May lead community outreach programs, conduct public information campaigns, and execute community-based programs. Their salaries can vary greatly depending on the type of organization they are in and the size of their projects. This role requires a deep understanding of social policy and a strong ability in project management and community engagement.

7. Policy Advocacy Social Worker

Average salary: $48,570 Per month

Policy advocacy social workers are dedicated to shaping public policy to improve social justice, welfare systems, and healthcare services among other critical areas. They work within think tanks, legislative bodies, nonprofit organizations, or social service agencies. Their responsibilities include researching social issues, drafting policy proposals, and lobbying for changes that will benefit specific populations or society as a whole. These professionals often collaborate with lawmakers, community leaders, and stakeholders to push for legislative and social reforms. The salary reflects the complexity and significance of their work, which aims to achieve large-scale social change.

8. Hospice and Palliative Care Social Worker

Average salary: $61,680 Per month

Hospice and palliative care social workers specialize in end-of-life care, providing support to patients and their families during critical and emotionally challenging times. They work in hospices, hospitals, and home care environments, focusing on enhancing the quality of life for patients who are nearing the end of life or dealing with severe, chronic illnesses. Their roles include counseling, helping families make difficult medical decisions, and providing information on patient rights and healthcare services. The work of hospice and palliative care social workers is emotionally demanding, and their salary is commensurate with the essential support they provide in managing the complex emotional, social, and ethical issues that arise in end-of-life care.

9. Clinical Social Worker

Average salary: $53,987 Per month

Clinical social workers are licensed professionals who assess, diagnose, and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders. They often work in settings such as private practices, hospitals, and mental health clinics, providing therapy and counseling services. These social workers are trained to offer a range of therapeutic techniques, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy. They also coordinate with other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive care for their clients. The higher salary range reflects the advanced education and licensure requirements necessary to perform clinical assessments and therapeutic interventions.

10. Corrections Social Worker

Average salary: $53,230 Per month

Corrections social workers operate within the criminal justice system, primarily in jails, prisons, and juvenile detention facilities. Their role is to provide counseling, rehabilitation, and support services to inmates. Helping them cope with incarceration and prepare for reintegration into society. They address issues such as substance abuse, anger management, and interpersonal conflicts. Corrections social workers also work closely with parole and probation officers to develop post-release plans that support the individual’s transition and reduce the likelihood of recidivism. The salary for corrections social workers reflects the challenging nature of the work and the environment in which they operate, often requiring strong crisis management and conflict resolution skills.

Read more: Hospice Social Work Jobs


The diversity of social work roles reflects the profession’s commitment to addressing a broad spectrum of social issues and supporting those in need. Whether working in clinical settings, advocating for policy change, or providing support in correctional facilities, social workers play indispensable roles in fostering positive change and enhancing well-being. By understanding the various types of social work jobs and their associated salaries, individuals can better navigate their career paths within this fulfilling and impactful field.

Meet Manicka

I created The Social Work Success Path blog and podcast, during the pandemic of 2021 to provide online education and mentorship for Social Workers. I felt very isolated and disconnected being only in the second year of running my private practice. I strongly considered going back to work when everything shut down. The resources and tools that I share helped me to maintain my practice through the pandemic and plan a successful transition as a Social Work content creator, doing work that I love and connecting with Social Workers all around the world. I did this in the span of 1 year, but using the resources, trainings and tools that I have pulled together, and all my all lessons learned, you can make your career transition much sooner than I did!

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